John Alden was hired as a cooper by the London merchants who financed the expedition to the New World. Priscilla Mullins went to America with her parents and younger brother.
The other three members of her family died during the terrible first winter of the Plymouth Colony.
Probably in she and John were married. They lived in Plymouth until aboutwhen they and others founded the settlement of Duxbury now in Massachusetts. John Alden became a prominent figure in colonial Massachusetts. From his farm at Duxbury he served in a variety of civic capacities: agent for the colony, surveyor of highways, deputy from Duxbury, member of the local council of war, treasurer, and, most important, assistant to the governor of Massachusetts —41 and — During this time he twice served as deputy governor.
When he died, he was the last male survivor of the Mayflower Company. Two popular myths have combined to perpetuate a romantic aura about the memory of the Aldens.
One claimed he was the first Pilgrim to set foot on Plymouth Rock. In that legend, Alden presumably won the hand of Priscilla after first wooing her for his friend Standish. Because of the story, Priscilla Alden alone, among the women of the Plymouth Colony, is remembered by name. John Alden and Priscilla Alden. Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. John Alden and Priscilla Alden English colonists. See Article History. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:.
Mayflowerin American colonial history, the ship that carried the Pilgrims from England to Plymouth, Massachusetts, where they established the first permanent New England colony in Although no detailed description of the original vessel exists, marine archaeologists estimate that the square-rigged sailing ship weighed about tons and measured…. Plymouthtown townshipPlymouth county, southeastern Massachusetts, U. It lies on Plymouth Bay, 37 miles 60 km southeast of Boston.
It was the site of the first permanent settlement by Europeans in New England, Plymouth colony, known formally as the colony of New Plymouth. The town was founded by Pilgrims….Explore how the celebrity world connects. Click here to Start FameChaining. Priscilla Alden. Jonathan Alden. Elisabeth Pabodie. John Alden Jr.
Sarah Standish. Joseph Alden. Mary Alden. David Alden. Rebecca Delano. John Alden's wife was Priscilla Alden. Isaac Allerton. Francis Cooke. William Brewster. The chief of Tesla comes under pressure.
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Then explore Unknown Grandfather. Unknown Grandmother. Unknown Birth Father.John Alden Jr. Father: John Alden Sr. He lived until about Mother: Priscilla Mullins Alden, whose family and brother Joseph died during the first winter in Plymouth; her only other relatives, including a brother and sister, had remained in England. She lived until afterand possibly until the s. John Alden and Priscilla Mullins were married inprobably the second or third couple among the colonists to marry in Plymouth.
Recent evidence suggests that the story may be based on fact. Priscilla and John Alden had ten children who lived past infancy. One of the two eldest was John Jr. The others were born after the family moved to Duxbury, Massachusetts. They had fourteen children together. John Alden had been a sea captain and a Boston merchant before he became involved in the events in Salem in In Februaryat about the time that the first girls were displaying their symptoms of affliction in Salem, John Alden Jr.
In that attack, a group of Abenaki, led by Madockawando and a French priest, attacked the town of York. York is now in Maine and was at the time part of the Province of Massachusetts.
The raid killed about English settlers and another 80 were taken hostage, forced to march to New France. Alden was in Quebec to pay the ransom for the freedom of the British soldiers captured in that raid. Alden stopped in Salem on his return to Boston. There had already been rumors that he was, through his business, supplying the French and Abenaki side of the war.
There had also apparently been rumors of Alden having affairs with Indian women, and even having children by them. On May 19, a rumor came to Boston through some escapees from the Indians that a French leader had been looking for Captain Alden, saying Alden owed him some goods that he had promised to him. This may have been the trigger for the accusations that followed just days later. Mercy Lewis, one of the accusers, had lost her parents in Indian raids.
The court decided to put Alden, and a woman named Sarah Rice, into Boston jail, and instructed the keeper of the prison in Boston to hold him.
He was delivered there, but after fifteen weeks, he made an escape from the jail and went to New York to stay with protectors. In Decembera court demanded that he appear in Boston to answer charges. But no one appeared against him, and he was cleared by proclamation. Alden published his own account of his involvement in the trials see excerpts above. John Alden died on March 25,in Massachusetts Bay province. Share Flipboard Email.
Jone Johnson Lewis.John Alden c. He was hired in SouthamptonEngland, as the ship's cooperresponsible for maintaining the ship's barrels.
Although he was a member of the ship's crew and not a settler, Alden decided to remain in Plymouth Colony when the Mayflower returned to England, casting his lot with the Pilgrims.
He was a signatory to the Mayflower Compact. He married fellow Mayflower passenger Priscilla Mullinswhose entire family perished in the first winter in Plymouth Colony. The marriage of the young couple became prominent in Victorian popular culture after the publication of Henry Wadsworth Longfellow 's fictitious narrative poem The Courtship of Miles Standish.
The book inspired widespread depictions of John and Priscilla Alden in art and literature during the 19th and 20th centuries. Alden was one of Plymouth Colony's most active public servants and played a prominent role in colonial affairs. He was annually elected to the Governor's Council nearly every year from to He was the last surviving signer of the Mayflower Compact upon his death in The approximate location of his grave in the Myles Standish Burial Ground was marked with a memorial stone in The site of his first house in Duxbury is preserved and marked with interpretative signage.
Jonathan Alden. Historians and genealogists have advanced many theories as to the English origins of John Alden. According to the "American Ancestors" project of the New England Historic Genealogical SocietyAlden genealogical expert Alicia Crane Williams has called two of the hypothesized origins "tempting," however she asserts that none are definitively proven. Bradford wrote that Alden "was hired for a cooper, at South-Hampton, wher the ship victuled; and being a hopefull yong man, was much desired, but left to his owne liking to go or stay when he came here; but he stayed, and maryed here" spelling is Bradford's original.
Banks cited research by certain historians and genealogists who offered theories as to Alden's origins based on inconclusive but possibly relevant evidence.
One such theory was proposed by B. Carlyon-Hughes who found evidence of an Alden family living in Harwich in Essex, England during the 17th century.
Harwich is an ancient North Sea port, northeast of Londonwhich was the home port of the ship Mayflower and home of its captain, Christopher Jones. Carlyon-Hughes asserted that the Aldens of Harwich were related to Jones and also that a young John Alden of the Harwich Aldens was about the same age as the Mayflower passenger.
A prior association with the captain of the Mayflower although not definitively proven could account, according to Banks, for Alden's joining the crew. Willison subscribed to the Harwich origin theory and wrote that Alden's children "remembered him as tall, blond, and very powerful in physique. Another theory cited by Banks, which he called "a fair presumption," involves a John Alden of Southampton who "may have been the son of George Alden the fletcherwho disappeared — probably dying in that year — leaving John, an orphan, free to take employment overseas.
Jane, the widow, may have been his mother and Richard and Avys his grandparents. There is no evidence that John Alden of the Mayflower was connected to this family or inherited this coat of arms. Williams states, "This Alden coat of arms was published in the Encyclopaedia Britannica and has led many unsuspecting [genealogists] astray.
Alden was hired by Capt. Christopher Jones in Southampton when he was about 21 years old to work as the ship's cooper during the Mayflower's voyage to America.Captain Johnathan "John" Alden  is the male lead and one of the main protagonists of Salem. After fighting in the Nine-Year-War he returned home to his native Salem, Massachusettsto be reunited with Mary the love of his lifeonly to find his hometown amidst a witch panic and that she was now married to George Sibleythe very man who had sent him off to die.
In the midst of trying to win Mary back and unravel the mysteries behind the witch panic, John quickly uncovers horrific mystical truths and is forced to confront evil supernatural forces to protect his loved ones. Born and raised in Salem, Massachusetts he is one of the firstborns in the new world and the son of the late John Alden Senior, head of one of the founding families and a member of the selectmen board.
John had a loving relationship with his father though he often disappointed him particularly for not learning scripture or attending university choosing instead to join the war, but his father soon came to accept his son's choices Departures.
Before the events ofJohn embarked on a relationship with the young Mary Walcott the pair quickly fell in love but he was later sent to join the militia to fight the French and the Indians. The night before he left Salem after witnessing the branding of Isaac Walton he made a vow to Mary that he would return for her within a year, splitting a silver coin in half and giving one-half to her.
A token of his promise to her The Vow. During John's time in the militia, he was severally injured in battle and left for dead but was found by the Mohawk tribe who brought him back from the brink of death.
Their medicine man took a particular interest in John and he lived with them while he healed from his injuries, learning their ways and language while they treated him with exceptional kindness and compassion. One day while out hunting with their warriors the Mohawk village was raided by white men, the men, women, and children murdered.
Enraged by what had been done he hunted down all those responsible killing them all except for William Hooke who he spared Ashes Ashes. John is pragmatic, stubborn, and hot-tempered. He is considered to be a loose cannon among the Puritans, but is adored particularly by the commoners of Salem. During the war, he demonstrated a dark side - he killed 20 of his own militiamen to avenge the deaths of the Mohawk people who had taken in after he was injured Ashes Ashes. When his fellow soldier, William Hooke, first arrived in Salem, John murdered him as he had threatened to reveal his secrets Survivors.
He often rebels at the Puritan way of life and is thought to be a heretic but he is also brave and gallant which he shows when he saves Anne Hale on numerous occasions. He is not afraid to stand up for what he believes in or stand up for what is right. John is a rugged, handsome man in his late twenties, with shoulder-length brown hair, green eyes, a short beard, and a broad-shouldered, muscular physique that is quite scarred due to his time in the war.
He usually wore shades of browns with white or blue tunics, along with a brown leather duster. He was also shown to often carry his rifle wherever he went.The John Alden House Historic Tour Part 1
Following the shamanic ritual to enhance his strength, John's upper torso was inked with tribal tattoos and his hair cut short. In The Vow John returns to his home seven years after he left to fight the French and Indians and is reunited with his old friend Giles Corey who is overjoyed with his return as he believed he had died in the war.
The pair celebrate his return by sharing a drink together and is informed that his home town is under a witch-panic, led by Cotton Mather the son of the infamous witch hunter Increase Mather and that the love of his life Mary Walcott is now married to his former enemy George Sibley, the very man that had sent him off to die in the war.
Later, he is drowning his sorrows in the tavern where he meets Cotton who asks for the help of three strong men to subdue a girl. The following morning, John is reunited with Mary at church after he publicly mocks the idea that witches even exist, she then proceeds to invite him to a dinner party she is hosting with her husband that evening which he ungraciously accepts.
Later that night he notices a man staring at him strangely in the tavern and confronts him and is shocked to realize it is Isaac Walton the very man he had witnessed being branded before he left to enlist into the militia. Isaac tries to convince him that witches are real by making a scene but John is still doubtful that such creatures exist.John Alden Jr.
March 14, ]  [Note 1] was a 17th-century American soldier, politician, merchant, and sailor. He was a well-known public figure in his time but is now chiefly remembered as a survivor of the Salem witch trialsof which he wrote a much quoted and studied account. John Alden Sr. He was born in Plymouth in about or He and his older sister Elizabeth are listed in the records of the division of cattle among the residents of Plymouth, which occurred on June 1, [ O.
May 22, ]. He was a sea captaina merchant in Bostonand a charter member of Rev. John He married Elizabeth Phillips Everill in and they had twelve children:. Alden Jr.
March 14, ] in what was then the Province of Massachusetts Bay. The stone is preserved at the portico of the present Old South Church in Boston after having been discovered during excavations where it had been dumped after the removal of the graves. Aside from the witch trials, Alden was involved in a number of scandals and controversies, which featured heavily in the accusations against him for witchcraft.
The only one to bring much modern attention, however, occurred in Salem when he stopped there on his return home from Quebecwhere he had gone in February to ransom British prisoners captured in the Candlemas attack on York, Maine. According to the Massachusetts state archives, he had been involved in several exchanges of this type over the years; this fed mightily into controversies about the man as another piece of gossip that surrounded him was that he sold weapons to the enemy for personal profit, including Native American tribes like the Wabanaki, allies of the French in This was a time period in which colonization of Northern New England was a battlefield between Puritans, the French, and their Native American allies with high casualties, violent skirmishes, and several raids on each other.
It began with King Philip's War and would not be completely over until the French and Indian Warwhen Britain defeated France in battle and conquered most of her Native American allies in the process of absorbing what is now Canada; the French and Indian War removed France as a threat to the New Englanders and made the French alliance with the existing tribes less necessary.
Upon arriving in Salem Village, Alden knew nothing of the troubles of Salem but rather had the misfortune of having his son, also named John, taken as part of the prisoner exchange.
John Alden Jr. and the Salem Witch Trials
Due to his father having been accused of witchcraft, and thus unable to return to Quebec to bargain, John Alden IV was taken to the Bastille in France, from whence he would not return for almost a decade. She was orphaned in the latter half of in Casco Bay, Maine, during a raid on her village. Historians have speculated that she had an ulterior motive in accusing Alden, a desire for revenge on those she felt had failed to protect her family.
Alden's second wife, Elizabeth, had ties to Maine as her father was a wealthy lumber merchant, a business he inherited through marriage. He was a perfect target. He was subsequently accused and convicted of witchcraft during the Salem witch trials in May At the time of his trial, Salem jail was already full and so he was carted off to Boston.
In the coming weeks of incarceration he had been inclined not to make much of the matter, but was prevailed upon by some friends and broke out of jail, fleeing in the night on horseback.
It was mid September and his decision to run away proved wise, as evidenced by the fact that Giles Corey was crushed to death within a few days of his departure. Per some sources it is said he escaped to New York, but more likely Alden escaped south to Duxburyhis hometown in his youth and the location of many of his relatives, namely his younger brothers David and Jonathan and a very large amount of nieces and nephews still living in the town.
Alden remained hidden with friends and family, until, as he later said, "the public had reclaimed the use of its reason".
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The authorities do not seem to have searched for him with any diligence; one of the judges, Samuel Sewallan old friend, is known to have expressed doubts about his guilt, and attended a prayer service at Alden's house in the hope of receiving guidance. His vivid first-hand narrative of the witchcraft trials was later published by Robert Calef in More Wonders of the Invisible World, and the transcript from his trial still survives. During the crisis in Salem, Alden would have been a man in his sixties.
He had been a prominent member of Boston society for many years and as far as can be determined was an honest tradesman who bent but did not break the rules. He had no contact with any of the girls prior to late May of and most of his personal life was centered in Boston, not Salem.
Alden recounts the bizarre behavior of the girls where they would at one moment be catatonic and then another moment would go into fits simply because he had looked at them.Post in Mystic, CT in The designs from the middle of the series hit a sweet spot in terms of size, speed, seaworthiness, comfort and ease of handling.
Adventurer strays from the standard Malabar VI design in a few subtle ways. She was drawn with an extra topsides strake and more cambered deck to accommodate the height of her initial owner, a man named A. Whitney of Glen Clove NY. Whitney also asked that the locations of the cabin houses be reconfigured to allow the main mast to step through deck rather than the forward deck house. Adventurer has typical rig for a schooner yacht of her era. Her main mast is considerably taller than the fore and allows her to fly a main topsail set from deck on jack spar and fisherman in lighter winds.
Access is through the starboard hatch on the aft cabin house and through the forepeak hatch. As evidenced in the photos, her exterior finish work needs redone. A survey available on request suggests she needs deck repair, hull refastening, systems maintenance, and a fair amount of planking work above and below the water line.
Adventurer is certainly worthy of the restoration. Adventurer i s currently stored in the water in Cambridge, MD and ready for showings.